Black History Month: The Buffalo Soldiers

The Prince William County Black History Month Committee cordially invites you to attend the Black History Month Program

African Americans and the Civil War

The Buffalo Soldiers

Thursday, February 17, 2011
Dr. A.J. Ferlazzo Building
15941 Donald Curtis Drive, Woodbridge, VA
11:00 AM – 12:00 PM

Be inspired by the history of the Buffalo Soldiers performed by the
Rough Riders Buffalo Soldiers Association.

Lunch will be served immediately
following the program.

From the Rough Riders Buffalo Soldiers Association website:

In 1866, Congress approved legislation creating six all African-American Army regiments: two cavalry (the 9th and 10th) and four infantry (the 38th, 39th, 40th and 41st). These units represented the first African-American professional soldiers in a peace-time army. Some of the recruits for the new units were formerly slaves. Many others served in the Union Army during the Civil War. Another reorganization of the Army a short time later led to the merger of the four infantry regiments into two units: the 24th and 25th.

Context via Wikipedia:

Buffalo Soldiers originally were members of the U.S. 10th Cavalry Regiment of the United States Army, formed on September 21, 1866 at Fort Leavenworth, Kansas.

The nickname was given to the “Negro Cavalry” by the Native American tribes they fought; the term eventually became synonymous with all of the African-American regiments formed in 1866:

Although several African-American regiments were raised during the Civil War to fight alongside the Union Army (including the 54th Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry and the many United States Colored Troops Regiments), the “Buffalo Soldiers” were established by Congress as the first peacetime all-black regiments in the regular U.S. Army.

On September 6, 2005, Mark Matthews, who was the oldest living Buffalo Soldier, died at the age of 111. He was buried at Arlington National Cemetery.[1]

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